- NAZO Deutschland e.V.
Health and hygiene
„The representatives of the ministry for trade found it interesting that we also offer advanced training, such as family planning, sales training and legal counselling, besides the vocational training.
Our training center in Ahmad Shah Baba Meyna is located far from the gates of the town. Therefore there are many women who need exactly these courses. The request for the courses is very high. Not only those women who participate in our vocational training are chosen for the courses but also women who do not (yet) learn in the center. These two courses also take place in our house in Kart-e-nau. Here we have 30 women besides "our" women who visit these courses, in Ahmad Shah Baba Meyna there are 65 of them.“
Exercise for childcare
Doctors and midwives of the Swedish organistion MERCY come to the NAZO centers and make a subject of the questions regarding hygiene, health, birth control, nutrition etc.
NAZO provides the participants and rooms. MERCY pays for the costs of the experts in return.
The participants of the course learn basic skills, how they can prevent ordinary diseases and how they can protect themselves from giving too many births, etc. The organisation MERCY confirm the successful participation with a certificate.
Mina, state prosecutor for the government, tells the students about their rights and obligations according to the new Afghan constitution and discusses with them how these rights can be introduced into their daily life.
„There are still double standards at our courts. We know that adultery is a crime. Before the law men and women receive the same punishment. Men have the money and pay a bribe or they know certain people who will stand up for them. Because society is lead by men, they will be released - for whatever reasons - or one says, the custody is sufficient - but the woman will remain in prison for 5 years.“
Mina in the NAZO center in Ahmad Shah Baba Meyna.
In 2004, when the new constitution entered into force, it was celebrated as the "most progressive constitution of an islamic country" in the media. Prior to this there was a big argument whether it should be "Republic of Afghanistan" or "Islamic Republic of Afghanistan". Conservative forces could assert themselves and thus Afghanistan became an islamic republic, which specifies in article 3 of the constitutional law that "in the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan no law can conflict with the bases of Islam“.
In other words: The religious Sharia right stays above state law in cases of dispute. (This is called Sharia caveat) And because according to Sharia there is no equality among men and women, one can ask oneself which value the article on gender equality has at all in the constitution.
In praxis it looks like this: The supreme court in Kabul, which has been staffed by religious conservative forces for many years now who do not take any interest in women's rights, decides on family law matters (anything related to women). This freedom conflicts with anything that was so far practised in Afghanistan in the past. Women's prisons are overcrowded. Due to the smallest 'moral' offenses, such as escape from forced marriage or from violent relationships, women are sentenced to several years imprisonment, while men often remain unpunished.