- NAZO Deutschland e.V.
Livestock projects starting from 2012
In the countryside, only the traditional role as wife and mother remains for women and girls. Because these villages are often isolated and no roads or public transportation exist, there are very rarely schools or training opportunities. Therefore the women can best and directly build up their own livelihood in these villages by keeping livestock. Therefore the women of NAZO developed the project "cattle for rural women".
Right from the start the men of the villages are involved:
- in the selection of the families;
- in the purchase of the cows and
- in the selection of the trainers.
On top of it the men help building the animal sheds, they help with renovation and the furnishing of the classroom.
Farmer Kazem teaches the rural women in Kamari.
In the village a room will be rented from a farmer for six months. This room will be used for the training of the women. The 16 women who will own the cattle in the future, will gather biweekly at the farmer to learn everything they need for successful livestock keeping. Starting with hygiene in the barn, further to information on the right food, the recognition of particular diseases and their control, and last but not least the preparation and marketing of the dairy products.
During our project trip the women had invited us to their village, so that we could participate in the raffle of two calves the NAZO cows had given birth to. To prevent jealousy or arguments the new-born calf is raffled each time. This time it was a male and a female calf. Both women who won the calves left the farm of their teacher delighted. Mrs. Sharifa, who had won the female calf, was all smile - but also Shugria, who had received the small bull, was satisfied. Once he is old enough, she will sell him and buy a cow
from the revenue.
Sharifa and Shugria with their calves.
Excerpt of a chat with the rural women
We tried our best - and now we see that we were successful. We can run the household from the revenue of the milk. We were even able to buy wood and petrol. We can cover our complete housekeeping costs from the sale of our diary products.
Question: What did you produce?
Answer: When we feed the cattle well and care for them, they can produce 3 to 4 liters - or even 10 liters - of milk. More is not possible. Then I process the milk to yoghurt. I was able to sell 1 Zel (about 7 kg) for 170 Afghanis. I save the money from one week or sometimes 10 days. Then I buy flour or something else useful for the household.
Question: How did you sell the yoghurt?
Answer: Because I am a women, I cannot bring the things into the small town. I asked my cousin. He comes to me, takes the yoghurt, sells it in town and gives the money back to me. Yes, he gives me the money directly at the door.
Yes, we learned a lot from farmer Kazem: When to feed the animals, how to clean the feeding station, how to keep the ground under the cattle clean. You cannot feed the animals any time. There is a plan for it all. Before that you clean the feeding station and throw the cattle's food into it. You must do the same thing with the water at specific times. The cow likes a clean and comfortable flat just like we do.
Question: Did you have previous experience?
Answer: No, I never worked with cattle before.
The vegetable seeds come from Mrs. Petersen from Germany. Marina distributes them in Kamari. (left) In Nejrab Jawed explains the individual seeds to an interested villager.