- NAZO Deutschland e.V.
40 women receive a cow or a baby calf
Once again we were able to find donors for the project: 20 cows and 20 calves for women in Kapiza.
The project is aimed at 40 needy women in the province of Kapiza. All the women always live in an extended family - even if they are unmarried or widowed. They come from poor families who have not had the chance to go to school, let alone earn their own money, during the past 35 years of war, civil war and Taliban rule. In recent years, the illiteracy rate has dropped to 75.8 %, but still too few girls go to school, especially in rural areas. Since young girls and widowed women in particular are often considered "troublesome eaters," they are usually married or remarried at a very early age. When women are given the opportunity to earn their own money, their standing within the family grows and the reason to leave the extended family as quickly as possible no longer applies.
Madina, the head of the livestock projects, comes from this region - a very important prerequisite for building trust with the village elders.
The people in this province are very poor. So it is especially good (and important) that the project "20 pregnant cows for 40 rural women" helps not only 20 but 40 families to have their own income.
20 pregnant cows were purchased and distributed to needy women in the areas of Naw Abad, Hesa do 1, Hesa Do 2, and Koh Band.
The first calf that the mother cow gives birth to is given to another needy woman. The mother cow remains with the first owner and provides her with a livelihood through the sale of milk, yogurt and butter. Thus, with the purchase of 20 cows, 40 families can be supported in the long term.
Most women in Kapiza province already keep small animals, such as goats and/or chickens. Nevertheless, it is necessary to teach them the basic knowledge of large animal husbandry. A monthly course is held where the women meet at the veterinarian's office. He teaches the cow owners everything that is important for successful livestock keeping. This starts with hygiene in the barn and continues with education about the right feed, recognizing certain diseases and how to combat them.
In another course, given by a former "cow owner," the women learn to process the milk into yogurt or other products. Here, the women come together outside their homes, exchange experiences and support each other. In this way, a supporting network is built.
Even before the cows are distributed, the women who will later have a baby calf are also determined. Those who are allocated a cow must commit to building a stable for their cow.
In the Kapiza region, many men (heads of families) have been killed in recent years in the fight against the Taliban or IS. Because of this, some women had to take over the position of the head of the family. In this position it is easier for them to learn how to market the products on the regional market and to pass on their knowledge to other women.
From the beginning, the project has been accompanied by the influential men of the villages. This is the strategy that the NAZO/ALS women follow in every project. Only if the men are involved, there will be no trouble or envy in the village society later on. For this purpose, the most important men of the villages (village chief, intelligence chief, police, mullah, etc.) are invited to a feast. Several goats have to be bought and slaughtered, then the feast is prepared by the women.
In rural areas, women and girls are usually left with only the traditional role of wife and mother.
Since the villages are often far away, with no roads, let alone any means of transportation leading to them, there are rarely schools or educational opportunities. In the villages, the women can best and directly build their own livelihood by keeping cattle.That is why NAZO/ALS women developed the "Cows for Rural Women" projects.In 2011, NAZO/ALS women began their first "Cows for Rural Women" project with 8 pregnant cows in Kamari village (Kabul province). With 8 cows, 16 families could be supported in the course of one year.In 2012, the second project "Cows for Rural Women" followed, also with 8 pregnant cows in the Nejrab area (Kapiza province). (Again, with 8 cows, 16 families were supported over the course of a year).In 2015/16, the "Cows for Rural Women" project was extended to several villages with 20 pregnant cows. This time 40 families were supported.In 2017/18, 40 women and their families will again receive a livelihood with a cow, or calf.