- NAZO Deutschland e.V.
The women and girls come from poor families who have not had the chance to go to school, let alone receive vocational training, during the past 30 years of war, civil war and Taliban rule. (Even today, about 90% of women over 14 are illiterate!) Many of them are returnees from Pakistan or Iran who do not want to (or cannot) go back to their villages because whole swaths of land have changed hands in the course of their 20-30 year exile or dangerous mines still make the region uninhabitable. Since young girls and women in particular are considered "troublesome eaters," they are usually married off at a very early age. If they do not participate in daily meals at home, if they even receive an education allowance for their education and can learn a socially accepted profession, the reason for early marriage no longer applies.
From each training round (semester), the 5 best students can continue learning and continue to receive a reduced training allowance of €15 per month. The incentive to continue learning is primarily aimed at the younger female students who later want to start their own business - either as a group or as an individual.
The literacy rate is one of the highest in the world, for women it is around 90% at present, for men around 80%.
(Source Wikipedia, Aug. 2013)
Other sources say that only 8% of the women are able to read and write.
(Source: Welt in Zahlen, 2013).
Education, education, education - that is the magic word to form a society. But didn't especially Afghanistan show us that the important thing is WHAT is taught?
Education for girls and women is especially made difficult becaus the conservative custom that women and girls are responsible for all concerns within the house and men are responsible for all concerns outside the house is still tenacious.
King Amanullah (1901 - 1928) did already introduce the general compulsoy education and in 1921 the first girls' school was established in Kabul. Over the years there were more attempts to promote general education, also education of women and girls. But conservative forces, especially the influential mullahs could prevent it each time.
And today? Today there are women, our NAZO women, who fight for their newly established rights embedded in the constitution of 2004. They can rely on influential companions, for example Said Bibi. She was one of the first 6 female students who did their A-levels in 1948 in Kabul and in 2005 she was proposed for the Nobel Peace Prize.
Said Bibi - she says in our interview:
Previously women were not mentioned in our constitutional law. Now it has finally been achieved not only to mention women in the constitution but to give them the same rights men have. Equality! Now it must really be enforced!