- NAZO Deutschland e.V.
The women and girls come from poor families. During 30 years of (civil) war and Taliban they did not get the chance to go to school, let alone receive a training. (Even today around 90% of the women older than 14 years are analphabets!) Many of them returned from Pakistan or the Iran. They do not want to or cannot go back to their villages because whole regions got new owners during their 20-30 years of exile. Dangerous mines might still make it impossible to live in the region. Especially young girls and women are seen as inconvenient eaters. Therefore they are married off very young. If they do not attend the meals at home on a daily basis and if they receive a training aid and learn an occupation which is socially recognized, the reason for an early marriage disappears.
Compulsory Training Courses
Health and family planning; legal counselling; sales training; alphabetization.
Analphabets can learn reading and writing each day 1 hour before classes begin.
The literacy rate is one of the highest in the world, for women it is around 90% at present, for men around 80%.
(Source Wikipedia, Aug. 2013)
Other sources say that only 8% of the women are able to read and write.
(Source: Welt in Zahlen, 2013).
Education, education, education - that is the magic word to form a society. But didn't especially Afghanistan show us that the important thing is WHAT is taught?
Education for girls and women is especially made difficult becaus the conservative custom that women and girls are responsible for all concerns within the house and men are responsible for all concerns outside the house is still tenacious.
King Amanullah (1901 – 1928) did already introduce the general compulsoy education and in 1921 the first girls' school was established in Kabul. Over the years there were more attempts to promote general education, also education of women and girls. But conservative forces, especially the influential mullahs could prevent it each time.
And today? Today there are women, our NAZO women, who fight for their newly established rights embedded in the constitution of 2004. They can rely on influential companions, for example Said Bibi. She was one of the first 6 female students who did their A-levels in 1948 in Kabul and in 2005 she was proposed for the Nobel Peace Prize.
Said Bibi - she says in our interview:
Previously women were not mentioned in our constitutional law. Now it has finally been achieved not only to mention women in the constitution but to give them the same rights men have. Equality! Now it must really be enforced!